There is ongoing bad blood between two powerful companies in Nigeria, BUA and Dangote which has turned ugly.
BUA and Dangote
The ongoing battle between Dangote Sugar and the BUA Sugar refinery has taken a bad turn.
This comes after the Chairman of Dangote Industries Ltd, Alinko Dangote had in January 2021, petitioned the Federal Government asking the Ministry of Trade to shut down BUA Group’s Sugar Refinery located in Port Harcourt.
BUA refinery which was hitherto producing for export into other countries, was accused by the billionaire businessman of operating with impunity by contravening the laws as laid down in the National sugar policy, stating that the company was not permitted to sell its products locally.
The Chairman, Dangote Industries Limited, Alhaji Aliko Dangote, alongside Chairman, Flour Mills of Nigeria Plc, Mr. John Coumantaros, have said the establishment of a new sugar refinery plant in the country poses a threat to the attainment of the National Sugar Master Plan (NSMP) as well as sustainability of the country’s local sugar industry.
They argued that the country currently had enough refining capacity to meet national demand.
In a joint petition to the Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Niyi Adebayo, dated January 28, 2021, the duo protested the recent commissioning of a sugar refinery in Port- Harcourt, Rivers State, which is reportedly owned by BUA International, one of the operators in the sugar industry.
However, in the ensuing row among the major players in the industry, Chairman, BUA Group, Alhaji Abdulsamad Rabiu, said his investment in Port Harcourt did not in any way pose a threat to the country’s sugar policy, adding that it will rather checkmate arbitrary price increase by the major players among other benefits to the country.
However, in the letter to the minister, Dangote and his counterpart in Flour Mills, argued that they had in 2019, warned about the risk of establishing a new refinery, adding that they got assurances that in line with the federal government’s policy on Backward Integration Programme (BIP), “no new refinery will be allowed to operate in Nigeria”.
They also pointed out that a tremendous amount of work was required by all stakeholders to achieve the intended objective behind the sugar policy, which is to among other things, encourage backward integration to ultimately attain self-sufficiency in local sugar production.
They recalled that under the revised guidelines released by the National Sugar Development Council (NSDC), it was made absolutely clear that the allocation of quotas henceforth shall be on quantitative and verifiable improvements in the BIP of operators in the industry.
The petitioners alleged that the midterm assessment conducted by the NSDC had concluded that BUA had “failed to invest substantially in local production or comply with its undertakings under its BIP.
“Even before its surreptitious investment in additional refining capacity, Nigeria already has enough refining capacity to satisfy demand today well into the future.”
The petitioners maintained that the business logic behind the investment in new refinery was clearly defective adding that, “BUA intends only on importing and refining raw sugar whilst claiming to be investing in developing sugar plantations in order to qualify for quotas to import raw sugar”.
They further alleged that the Port Harcourt refinery was clearly undertaken to deliberately undermine the federal government’s sugar policy.
“We are particularly surprised by the brazenness as we believe that the choice of location and the publicity campaign behind the investment has been deliberately engineered to provoke public sentiment and pit the federal government against its people,” the petition added.
It said unless the ministry of industry, trade and investment plays an effective policing role of the NSMP, the country’s dream of becoming self-sufficient and indeed a net expoter of sugar would be defeated.
“The impunity with which BUA has contravened the provisions of the NSMP has placed the other players who are abiding by the regulations, not only at a significant disadvantage but has discouraged them from undertaking the huge investments that would deliver the desired objective of 100 per cent local production of sugar, unless, of course, the ministry wades in and addresses the situation,” it added.
Consequently, in a letter issued by Adebayo, dated February 10, 2021, which was addressed to the Chairman, BUA Group, Alhaji Abdulsamad Rabiu, following the petition by Dangote, the minister had requested detailed information on the BUA Sugar Refinery in Port Harcourt, particularly the company’s plan to service the Nigerian and export markets from its refineries.
BUA, in its reaction to the minister, dated February 11, 2021, however, took “serious exception to the ludicrous claims by its two major competitors that it aims to circumvent the BIP of the sugar industry”.
Meanwhile, the BUA refinery which has employed over 1,000 Nigerians, subsequently revealed that the centre of the fight to force FG to close BUA Sugar refinery down is the price war as its product is perceived to be a threat to the other company.
In its defence sent to the Honourable Minister of Trade, Mr Adeniyi Adebayo, BUA revealed that in 2020, before Ramadan, sugar was sold for around 18,000 Naira per bag, but as the Ramadan fasting began, the price skyrocketed to 30,000 per bag.
According to the refinery, the increase in sugar price during the Ramadan and other festive periods by the Dangote company was needless.
BUA accused Dangote of exploiting Nigerians by increasing the price of his products particularly when its been needed and people have no choice than to patronise.
The refinery stated that Dangote’s petition came after it had refused to succumb to their pressure to increase its price.
It was also gathered that BUA group has dragged the Trade Minister to court in a bid to avert any unlawful action against the refinery as demanded by the Africa’s richest businessman.
BUA vowed to frustrate the alleged decision by the Dangote group to monopolize Sugar trade in the country.
The company pointed out in its five-page response, that it was unreasonable for it to be working against the backward integration policy of the industry, having invested billions of naira in the initiative which is almost nearing completion.
Rabiu, specifically assured that its sugar export focused project in Port Harcourt, will not affect in any way, the backward integration programme adding that “the only way it will affect Nigerians is that Nigerians will pay lower prices for sugar”.
He explained that though the Port Harcourt refinery is mainly for exports, BUA is allowed under the Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority (NEPZA)
Act and current approvals/rules to intervene locally in order to stabilise sugar price, “where it is absolutely necessary- in the face of arbitrary price increases and collusion to force scarcity of the product locally”.
He said: ”The same NEPZA Act upon which this project is based, gives the permission to process, add value, and export at the same time. Companies under this act are allowed to process and if they so wish, sell 100 per cent of their production in Nigeria with payment of duties based on the current raw materials tariff.
“As a matter of fact, Aliko Dangote of Dangote Industries, who is one of the complainants alleging and attacking to this approval has also applied and obtained the same approval for his refinery project in Lekki, Lagos State where he is currently enjoying the same benefits of being in an Export Processing Zone (EPZ).”
He added: ”What BUA sugar is doing is legal and within the confines of the law. We have not done nor are we doing anything wrong.”
Rabiu, further explained that the EPZ under which its Port Harcourt sugar project is sited went through a rigorous two-year review process before being forwarded to the ministry for approval of President Muhammadu Buhari, adding that only the president alone is constitutionally empowered to approve an EPZ license.”
According to the BUA Group Chairman:”Anything that is done to attack this project in any way, form or any guise, attacks Mr. President’s approval and we will do everything to ensure our rights are not trampled upon.”
He said BUA’s Lafiagi BIP is on track to be completed by the end of the year as well as commence production by the end of 2022.
Rabiu, also warned that any action that tampers with the current approval is capable of eroding investors confidence under the EPZ.
He disclosed that the company had spent over $250 million on the Port Harcourt project which currently employs over 1,000 Nigerians and has significant economic impact.
He said: ”To try to shut it down or stifle its operations will cost jobs and lost economic impact.”
He added that BUA remained the only company of the three dominant players, spending serious money and seeking to complete its BIP project by 2022, stressing that, ”we need to start asking firm, hard questions of the two other players”.
The letter, however, urged the minister to remain firm and resolute in the discharge of his duties as he had always done, adding that BUA remained committed to its obligations regarding the BIP and the NSMP.
He said “we believe that time has come to call all players to true account”.